All you should know about Series and Parallel Circuits
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15 Dec All you should know about Series and Parallel Circuits

Series and Parallel Circuits

Simple circuits (those with only a few components) are typically quite easy to grasp for novices. When more components join the party, though, things may get sticky. What is the direction of the current? What’s going on with the voltage? Is it possible to make this more understandable? Intrepid reader, have no fear. There’s a lot of useful information after that.

What is the definition of a series circuit?

When the flow of current is the same through all of the circuit’s components, it’s called a series circuit. The current in a series circuit has only one route.

The current and voltage relationships in a series circuit are the inverse of those in a parallel circuit. The voltage across each series element (V1, V2, V3), on the other hand, fluctuates depending on the impedance (in this case, the resistance) of each element. The voltage provided by the source (Vs) is equal to the total of the individual voltage drops across each series element, according to Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL).

The benefit of series circuits

  • It features a straightforward style that is simple to comprehend.
  • It does not easily overheat.
  • It has a larger output voltage, allowing us to connect more powerful appliances to it.
  • Throughout the circuit, it maintains the same current.

A series circuit’s disadvantage

Circuit resistance increases as the total number of components in the circuit grow.

If a single point in the circuit fails, the entire circuit will fail.

What is the definition of a parallel circuit?

A parallel circuit is one in which the current flows across two or more pathways. All of the components in a parallel circuit have the same voltage.

The voltage across each element in a parallel circuit is the same and equal to the source voltage (Vs), and the current through each element (I1, I2, I3) varies depending on the impedance (in this case, resistance) of each element. The overall current coming from the source (Is) is equal to the sum of the individual currents flowing through each parallel element, according to Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL).

Parallel circuits provide advantages.

In a parallel circuit, if one component fails, the current continues to flow through the other components, allowing the remaining components to function properly.

Because the voltage across each component in a parallel circuit is the same, all components function efficiently.

You may quickly connect or detach a new component in a parallel circuit without impacting the operation of another component.

Parallel circuit disadvantages

An additional voltage source cannot be used in a parallel circuit.

The connecting of a parallel circuit necessitates a large number of wires.

The quantity of current that travels through each of the circuit’s components is the main distinction between series and parallel circuits. In parallel circuits, on the other hand, the components are connected in parallel, causing the circuit to split the current flow. The current flowing from the source will be split between each of these components.

Don’t forget to watch this video to have a deep comprehension on this topic.

We discover that circuits may be divided into two types: series and parallel circuits. The current flowing through each component in a series circuit is the same, and the voltage across the circuit is equal to the total of the individual voltage drops across each component. Because there is only one way for electricity to flow, we must ensure that all components work properly in order for the circuit to run smoothly. A parallel circuit, on the other hand, is made up of multiple branches such that the current is divided and just a portion of it passes through each branch. For example, a parallel circuit is used in a home’s wiring system because even if one of the lights burns out, the current may still flow through the rest of the lights and appliances.

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