How Wine Is Made
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Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes. Wine is basically liquid, fermented fruit (usually grapes, but other fruits such as raspberry can be used too). After harvesting ripe grapes from the vineyard’s grapevines, they are put into clean tank before crushing them with specialized machines to get the juice. After that, wait.
Yeasts are tiny one-celled organisms that exist naturally in vineyards. These yeasts will come into contact with the sugar in the grape’s juice and gradually turn that sugar into alcohol. This process is called fermentation. Yeasts also produce carbon dioxide which evaporates into the air.
Do you know? The riper and sweeter the grapes, the more alcohol the wine will have. Also, wineries can control the type and size of tanks and the temperature of the juice during the fermentation process. Stainless steel or oak are the two main materials. These variables can make a big difference in the taste of the wine.
After fermentation, they can choose how long to let the wine mature and in what type of containers it should be matured in. Fermentation can last three days or three months, and the wine can then be matured for a couple of weeks or a couple of years or anything in between.
Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeast produce different styles of wine. This variation is resulted because of the complex interactions between the biochemical development of the grape, the reactions involved in fermentation, the terroir, and the production process.
Wines have been produced for thousands of years. The earliest known traces of wine are from Georgia in 6000 BC, Iran circa 5000 BC and Sicily circa 4000 BC.
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