21 Sep Science Tuition on Hudson Maxim
Hello and welcome back to Science Tuition. We hope you have been enjoying your classes and learning about various famous chemists and their contributions each day.
So in this Science Tuition lesson, let us widen our knowledge about the chemistry world and learn about one more scientist. Let us investigate Hudson Maxim today.
Born on February 3, 1853, Hudson was a U.S. inventor as well a chemist. He is on the list of the famous chemists as he is the one who invented varieties of explosives, including smokeless gunpowder. He was also referred to as “the most versatile man in America” by Thomas Edison. His brother was the inventor of the Maxim gun while his uncle invented the Maxim Silencer. He is a writer as well; his career started in 1881 as the publisher of Real Pen Work – Self Instructor in Penmanship, and During World War I, he wrote a book, Defenseless America. He has also written The Science of Poetry and the Philosophy of Language. Hudson lost his left hand in a mercury fulminate explosion during his experimental career.
The study of Chemistry by Maxim at Wesleyan Seminary in Kent’s Hill, Maine, led to a hypothesis concerning the compound nature of atoms, not unlike the atomic theory which was later accepted. He experimented with explosives as a member of the gun and ammunition company founded by his brother, Hiram Maxim and in 1890 he built a dynamite and powder factory at Maxim, New Jersey. There along with R.C. Schupphaus, he developed smokeless gunpowder which was widely used in World War 1. He also invented maximite, a high-explosive bursting powder that was 50 percent more powerful than dynamite.
During World War 1 maxim served as chairman of the committee on ordnance and explosives of the naval consulting board and donated several inventions to the government.
That is all for today, stay tuned on Science Tuition to learn more.
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