Science Tuition on Pierre Curie
Hi and welcome back to your Science Tuition. We hope you have been enjoying our chemistry lessons on the famous chemists.
In this Science Tuition lesson, we are continuing with our topic and taking our delve into the life of Pierre Curie.
Pierre was born on May 15th, 1859. He was a French physicist, physical chemist as well as a Nobel laureate. His father was a physician who trained him in math and science from a very young age. Curie entered the faculty of Sciences at the Sorbonne, where he earned his degree in 1878. Lacking the money to continue his schooling, he worked as a laboratory instructor until he was able to return to his research. He married Maria Sklodowska who became Marie Curie after their marriage.You might have heard his wife’s name (Marie Curie) as he was a major contributor to her theory as well. He initiated his scientific research in the fields of magnetism, radioactivity, piezoelectricity, and crystallography. He is known in the chemistry world as he and his wife discovered the elements radium and polonium. He also developed an instrument known as the Curie Scale to calculate the accurate data. The element curium with the atomic number 96, is named in honor of Pierre and Marie Curie.
The two main scientific partners throughout his career were his wife, Marie and his brother Jacques. Together with his brother Curie explored crystallography, through which he discovered piezoelectric effects. Curie showed that the magnetic properties of a given substance change at a specific temperature, a level which is now known as the Curie point.
Pierre and Marie Curie together were awarded half of the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on radiation. The other half of the prize went to Henri Becquerel, whose work had informed the Curies’ research. The Curies were also awarded the Davy Medal of the Royal Society of London in 1903. In 1905, Pierre Curie was elected to the Academy of Sciences.
That is all for today on Science Tuition. Stay tuned to learn more.
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