Science Tuition Presents Robert Boyle
Hi and welcome back to Science Tuition. We are glad you have been having fun lately learning about the famous chemists and their discoveries.
So continuing with the topic, in this Science Tuition lesson, we are exploring about Robert Boyle.He was born on 25th January 1627 and was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor. He is one of the founders of modern chemistry and regarded as the modern chemist. He is famous for his notable work which is known as Boyle’s law. It is an experimental gas law which illustrates the manner in which pressure of a gas increase as the volume of the container decreases. It states that “The absolute pressure exerted by a given mass of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to the volume it occupies if the temperature and amount of gas remain unchanged within a closed system.”
Let us take a look at some amazing facts about this extraordinary personality.
Robert Boyle’s father was the 1st Earl of Cork, Lord Treasurer of the Kingdom of Ireland. He was one of the wealthiest men in Britain and has been described as the ‘first colonial millionaire.” Due to the position of his father, Robert received the best education from various prestigious schools, including Eton.
Otto Von Guericke had designed an air which needed two men for operation and required a great effort but was not very efficient. Along with Robert Hooke, Boyle set about making improvements in Guericke’s air pump which led to the creation of Pneumatical Engine in 1659.
The role of air in combustion, respiration and the transmission of sound were discovered by Boyle and Hooke with the help of their machine.
Robert Boyle is called the founder of Modern Chemistry. He deduced that everything was composed of minute particles of a single universal matter and that every phenomenon was the result of collisions of particles in the moon. He rejected the then prevalent Aristotelian theory of the four elements and Paracelsian notions about the composition of matter.
Robert Boyle helped the foundation of the Royal Society Of London, it was the world’s first scientific body and remains the leading national organization for the promotion of scientific research in Britain.
But there is another fascinating fact about him. Robert Boyle had a wish list of 24 possible inventions and in that he had predicted some of the amazing inventions of Science that we use today. It included drugs to appease pain and aid sleep, prolongation of life, the art of flying, perpetual light, light and extremely hard armor, unsinkable ships and curing disease by transplantation. But it is remarkable as he made this list in the 17th Century and till date, only a few of these inventions have come to existence.
Well, you might have come across this law in your syllabus. Hope this gave you a quick revision. Stay tuned to learn more.
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